Give

Give to a worker

  • Give
    A
    South Asia • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Adam and Avril Friend
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Adam and Helane Ramsay
    Chiba City • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Adrian and Anita Lovell
    Bolivia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Amy Stephens
    Argentina • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Andrew and Margie Newman
    Africa • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Andrew Buchanan and Abi Tandiseru
    Indonesia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Anna Radkovic
    Africa • VIC Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Anthony and Trudi Elyard
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    B
    Middle East • WA Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Bill and Linda Colyer
    St Andrew's Hall • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Brenton and Mel Kilby
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Bruce and Libby Hayes
    Nepal • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Bryan and Sarah Haro Leon
    Ecuador • TAS Branch
  • Give
    C
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Chenny Thie
    East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Chris and Erin
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Chris and Grace Adams
    South East Asia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Chris and Julie Dean
    South East Asia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Chris and Karen Webb
    Broome • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Chris and Kristy Galea
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Chris and Stef Overhall
    Chile • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Colin and Catherine Puffett
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Craig and Lisse
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Craig and Samantha McCorkindale
    Cambodia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    D
  • Give
    D and T
    Asia • SANT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Dan and Marg
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Daniel and Olivia Webster
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    David and Beck McIntyre
    East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    David and Cathie Sandifer
    Badhoevedorp • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    David and Jennifer Juniper
    Africa • WA Branch
  • Give
    Dene and Rachel Hughes
    East Asia • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Derek and Rosemary Snibson
    Darwin • VIC Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Derk and Susan
    South Asia • WA Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    E
    South Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Elizabeth
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Elle Bryce
    East Asia • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Emma Payne
    St Andrew's Hall • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Frances Cook
    Chile • SANT Branch
  • Give
    Gavin and Megan Rosser
    Jordan • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Gillian Akers
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Gillian Law
    Europe • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Gordon and Ruth Russell
    Nepal • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Howard and Michelle Newby
    Philippines • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Howard and Trisha Spencer
    Belgium • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    I
    South East Asia • VIC Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Ian and Jenny Wood
    Darwin • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    J
    South East Asia • WA Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    J and P
    Eurasia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    J and S
    Central Asia • QNNSW Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Jason and Hannah Fairclough
    Europe • WA Branch
  • Give
    Je
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Jeremy and Jill Horrocks
    Cambodia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Jim and Tanja French
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Jo
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Joel and Tiffanie Atwood
    The Pacific • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    John and Deb
    Middle East • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Jon and Deborah
    South East Asia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Josh and Nici
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Josh and Steph Mackenzie
    North Australia • VIC Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Josh and Susannah Apieczonek
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Jotham Booker
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Julie
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    K
    South East Asia • SANT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    K
    South Asia • TAS Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Karina Brabham
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Keith and Marion Birchley
    Papua New Guinea • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Kellie Nicholas
    East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Klaus and Jude Hickel
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Kylie Zietsch
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    L
    Middle East • VIC Branch
  • Give
    L and C
    South East Asia • QNNSW Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Lachlan and Candy Grice
    St Andrew's Hall • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Lauren Raiter
    Europe • VIC Branch
  • Give
    M
    Middle East • QNNSW Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    M
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    M
    St Andrew's Hall • SANT Branch
  • Give
    M and K
    South Asia • VIC Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Maggie Crewes
    Cambodia • SANT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Malcolm and Ainsley Purdey
    Chile • SANT Branch
  • Give
    Malcolm and Leanne
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Martin and Julie Field
    Argentina • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Marty and Jenny Foord
    Rochor • WA Branch
  • Give
    Matt and Bex Ooi
    East Asia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Matt and Jen Lim
    East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Matt and Lisa Pearson
    Gunbalanya • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Matthew and Ellen Tyler
    The Pacific • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Maurice and Amanda Jacobson
    Cambodia • TAS Branch
  • Give
    Michael and Jean Burke
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Michael and Rani Grivas-Allison
    Belgium • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Mike and Karen Roe
    Africa • SANT Branch
  • Give
    Mike and Katie Taylor
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Miriam Bradshaw
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Morgan and Olivia
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Na
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Nathan and Diane Lovell
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Nathan and Maki Clapham
    Chiba City • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Nick and Kysha Davies
    Latin America • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Nick and Rebekah
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Pedro and Joy Oliveira Woolmer
    Latin America • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Peter and Terry Blowes
    Argentina • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    R
    Eurasia • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Ray and Sandy
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Rebekah
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Rowan
    South East Asia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Ryan and Lynne Verghese
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    S and D
    St Andrew's Hall • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    S and E
    South Asia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    S and M
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    S and P
    Middle East • WA Branch
  • Give
    Sam and Bec
    St Andrew's Hall • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Sam and Shan-Shan Chrisp
    East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Sam and Sharmila Budhathoki
    Nepal • WA Branch
  • Give
    Simon and Jessica Cowell
    Bari • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Steven and Sandra Parsons
    East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Taulama Siuhengalu
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Tim and Olivia Mulherin
    Cambodia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    W and S
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch

General Worker Support

Select a Branch

Please select the branch you would like to give to. This refers to the CMS branch that will process your donation.

NSW & ACT

QNNSW

SANT

TAS

VIC

WA

Tax-deductible Workers and Projects

Select a Branch

Please select the branch you would like to give to. This refers to the CMS branch that will process your donation.

NSW & ACT

QNNSW

SANT

TAS

VIC

WA

Give to a Campaign

Select a Branch

Please select the branch you would like to give to. This refers to the CMS branch that will process your donation.

NSW & ACT

QNNSW

SANT

TAS

VIC

WA

  • Give
    Ramsay Schooling
    QLD & NNSW Branch
  • Give
    Aboriginal Missionary Work
    Tax Deductible • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    CMS Overseas Aid Fund
    Tax Deductible • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Indigenous Ministry in North Australia
    NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Aboriginal Missionary Work
    Tax Deductible • SA & NT Branch
  • Give
    CMS Overseas Aid Fund
    Tax Deductible • SA & NT Branch
  • Give
    Indigenous Ministry in North Australia
    SA & NT Branch
  • Give
    Aboriginal Missionary Work
    Tax Deductible • WA Branch
  • Give
    CMS Overseas Aid Fund
    Tax Deductible • WA Branch
  • Give
    Indigenous Ministry in North Australia
    WA Branch
  • Give
    QNNSW CoMP
    QLD & NNSW Branch
  • Give
    QNNSW Regular Giving
    QLD & NNSW Branch
Your Gift
View Your Gift
Please select a frequency
  • • Branch

Give to another worker from

  • Give
    A
    South Asia • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Adam and Avril Friend
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Adam and Helane Ramsay
    Chiba City • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Adrian and Anita Lovell
    Bolivia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Amy Stephens
    Argentina • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Andrew and Margie Newman
    Africa • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Andrew Buchanan and Abi Tandiseru
    Indonesia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Anna Radkovic
    Africa • VIC Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Anthony and Trudi Elyard
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    B
    Middle East • WA Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Bill and Linda Colyer
    St Andrew's Hall • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Brenton and Mel Kilby
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Bruce and Libby Hayes
    Nepal • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Bryan and Sarah Haro Leon
    Ecuador • TAS Branch
  • Give
    C
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Chenny Thie
    East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Chris and Erin
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Chris and Grace Adams
    South East Asia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Chris and Julie Dean
    South East Asia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Chris and Karen Webb
    Broome • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Chris and Kristy Galea
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Chris and Stef Overhall
    Chile • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Colin and Catherine Puffett
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Craig and Lisse
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Craig and Samantha McCorkindale
    Cambodia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    D
  • Give
    D and T
    Asia • SANT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Dan and Marg
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Daniel and Olivia Webster
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    David and Beck McIntyre
    East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    David and Cathie Sandifer
    Badhoevedorp • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    David and Jennifer Juniper
    Africa • WA Branch
  • Give
    Dene and Rachel Hughes
    East Asia • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Derek and Rosemary Snibson
    Darwin • VIC Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Derk and Susan
    South Asia • WA Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    E
    South Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Elizabeth
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Elle Bryce
    East Asia • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Emma Payne
    St Andrew's Hall • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Frances Cook
    Chile • SANT Branch
  • Give
    Gavin and Megan Rosser
    Jordan • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Gillian Akers
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Gillian Law
    Europe • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Gordon and Ruth Russell
    Nepal • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Howard and Michelle Newby
    Philippines • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Howard and Trisha Spencer
    Belgium • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    I
    South East Asia • VIC Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Ian and Jenny Wood
    Darwin • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    J
    South East Asia • WA Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    J and P
    Eurasia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    J and S
    Central Asia • QNNSW Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Jason and Hannah Fairclough
    Europe • WA Branch
  • Give
    Je
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Jeremy and Jill Horrocks
    Cambodia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Jim and Tanja French
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Jo
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Joel and Tiffanie Atwood
    The Pacific • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    John and Deb
    Middle East • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Jon and Deborah
    South East Asia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Josh and Nici
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Josh and Steph Mackenzie
    North Australia • VIC Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Josh and Susannah Apieczonek
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Jotham Booker
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Julie
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    K
    South East Asia • SANT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    K
    South Asia • TAS Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Karina Brabham
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Keith and Marion Birchley
    Papua New Guinea • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Kellie Nicholas
    East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Klaus and Jude Hickel
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Kylie Zietsch
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    L
    Middle East • VIC Branch
  • Give
    L and C
    South East Asia • QNNSW Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Lachlan and Candy Grice
    St Andrew's Hall • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Lauren Raiter
    Europe • VIC Branch
  • Give
    M
    Middle East • QNNSW Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    M
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    M
    St Andrew's Hall • SANT Branch
  • Give
    M and K
    South Asia • VIC Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Maggie Crewes
    Cambodia • SANT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Malcolm and Ainsley Purdey
    Chile • SANT Branch
  • Give
    Malcolm and Leanne
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Martin and Julie Field
    Argentina • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Marty and Jenny Foord
    Rochor • WA Branch
  • Give
    Matt and Bex Ooi
    East Asia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Matt and Jen Lim
    East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Matt and Lisa Pearson
    Gunbalanya • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Matthew and Ellen Tyler
    The Pacific • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Maurice and Amanda Jacobson
    Cambodia • TAS Branch
  • Give
    Michael and Jean Burke
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Michael and Rani Grivas-Allison
    Belgium • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Mike and Karen Roe
    Africa • SANT Branch
  • Give
    Mike and Katie Taylor
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Miriam Bradshaw
    Europe • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Morgan and Olivia
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Na
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    Nathan and Diane Lovell
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Nathan and Maki Clapham
    Chiba City • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Nick and Kysha Davies
    Latin America • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Nick and Rebekah
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Pedro and Joy Oliveira Woolmer
    Latin America • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Peter and Terry Blowes
    Argentina • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    R
    Eurasia • QNNSW Branch
  • Give
    Ray and Sandy
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Rebekah
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Rowan
    South East Asia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Ryan and Lynne Verghese
    Africa • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    S and D
    St Andrew's Hall • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    S and E
    South Asia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    S and M
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch • Tax Deductible
  • Give
    S and P
    Middle East • WA Branch
  • Give
    Sam and Bec
    St Andrew's Hall • VIC Branch
  • Give
    Sam and Shan-Shan Chrisp
    East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Sam and Sharmila Budhathoki
    Nepal • WA Branch
  • Give
    Simon and Jessica Cowell
    Bari • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Steven and Sandra Parsons
    East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Taulama Siuhengalu
    South East Asia • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Tim and Olivia Mulherin
    Cambodia • VIC Branch
  • Give
    W and S
    Middle East • NSW & ACT Branch

General Worker Support

Tax-deductible Workers and Projects

Give to a Campaign

  • Give
    Ramsay Schooling
    QLD & NNSW Branch
  • Give
    Aboriginal Missionary Work
    Tax Deductible • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    CMS Overseas Aid Fund
    Tax Deductible • NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Indigenous Ministry in North Australia
    NSW & ACT Branch
  • Give
    Aboriginal Missionary Work
    Tax Deductible • SA & NT Branch
  • Give
    CMS Overseas Aid Fund
    Tax Deductible • SA & NT Branch
  • Give
    Indigenous Ministry in North Australia
    SA & NT Branch
  • Give
    Aboriginal Missionary Work
    Tax Deductible • WA Branch
  • Give
    CMS Overseas Aid Fund
    Tax Deductible • WA Branch
  • Give
    Indigenous Ministry in North Australia
    WA Branch
  • Give
    QNNSW CoMP
    QLD & NNSW Branch
  • Give
    QNNSW Regular Giving
    QLD & NNSW Branch
Total Gift

$0 / Month

Continue
14 December 2023

“Christmas is cancelled?”


What does Christmas look like in a place that is marred with grief from a conflict in a neighbouring country? M is a CMS worker in the Middle East, where Christmas celebrations have been cancelled in solidarity with the victims of the ongoing conflict in the region. Here, she shares how she plans to remember and encourage women around her with the hope of Christ’s birth.  

This article is part one of the series, ‘Let every heart prepare him room: proclaiming the gospel at Christmas time’. Part two is here. Part three is here. 

Standing in solidarity 

Christmas has been cancelled. Yes, really. If you are waiting for the punchline, there isn’t one. 

“But how can you cancel Christmas?” I hear you ask.  

At the beginning of November, before Christmas trees were erected in church courtyards and lights strung from the windows, all public festivities and events associated with Christmas were cancelled across the country by the Council of Churches. This decision had nothing to do with Covid or cancel culture, and everything to do with solidarity.    

Whilst life goes on as usual around us, protests continue daily in support of the innocent victims suffering in Gaza and the West Bank. Thousands of women and children, including those with no ties to Hamas, have been caught up in conflict. Hospitals, schools and apartment blocks have been destroyed by the carpet bombing that has left hundreds unaccounted for, buried under slabs of grey rubble. Churches in Gaza have not been exempt from the attacks. As Arab people standing in solidarity against the conflict, all Christmas festivities were cancelled.  

How we plan to celebrate Christmas 

Of course, cancelling Christmas does not mean that all church services are forbidden. After consultation with a local pastor, we have been given the green light to host a small event for Syrian refugees in a local neighbourhood. With the help of some local churches, we will be hosting an event for Muslim women and their children. Whilst there will be no Christmas trees or fairy lights on display, each child will receive a gift and each mother will be given a bag of rice and lentils.  

Our Christmas party may be subdued, but it will not be tokenistic.  We have personal and trusting relationships with each of the women invited. They have shared with us stories from the past year, made us countless cups of tea and watched as we played with their children.  As these relationships have blossomed, we have been able to share stories about Jesus and the prophets. We hope that in the years to come, they in turn will share these same stories with their children and grandchildren.   

In addition to this event, we also hope to host a smaller, more private gathering in our home. We imagine our lounge room to be full of the noisy Arabic chatter as a group of eight local women who all know and enjoy being with each other come celebrate with us. This time, the focus will be more personal as each of the believers in the room will take a few minutes to share why the birth of Jesus is important to them. We are thankful to have an opportunity to share our own stories and to deepen the connections we already have with these women.   

In the leadup to Christmas Day we also plan to visit the women in our community who secretly follow Jesus. In the privacy of their homes and away from the eyes of disapproving and violent husbands, we want to read the Christmas story with them. Together, we will light a candle in remembrance and celebration of a day when the light of all mankind came into the world, shining into the darkness which could not and will not push it back. 

The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has not overcome it.” 

John 1:5  

 width=

PRAY

Pray that believers in the Middle East would be filled with joy as they remember and celebrate the true meaning of Christmas. Pray that God would enable them to share God’s gift of hope with those around them.